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Design for Berlin woolwork

  • Place of origin:

    Berlin (city) (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1860 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Hertz and Wegener (designer and maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    lithograph coloured by hand

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Miss Julia Montefiore

  • Museum number:

    E.3727-1915

  • Gallery location:

    Prints & Drawings Study Room, level C, case T, shelf 4, box A

  • Public access description

    This is a square coloured grid embroidery design of a bird of paradise on a branch for Berlin wool work. Berlin wool work is embroidery with Berlin wools or any type of thread or beads on canvas by means of copying a coloured chart known as a Berlin pattern. Almost exclusively confined to the 19th century, Berlin wool derived its name from the wool that came from Merino sheep in Saxony. It was taken to Gotha to be spun and on to Berlin to be dyed. The production of this wool was discontinued in the 1930s. Prior to the introduction of Berlin patterns it was very rare to find any indication about the choice of colour or threads. Berlin patterns were always coloured by hand at first, until the emergence of industrial printing techniques. The names of a few Berlin pattern makers are often seen on examples such as here with Hertz and Wegener. Others include L.W.Wittich, Carl F.W.Wicht, A.Todt and G.E.Falbe. Unfortunately no records remain about these printers and hence very little is known about them.

  • Physical description

    This is a square coloured grid embroidery design of a red, black, blue, green, yellow and purple bird of paradise on a branch with pink and brown flowers

  • Marks and inscriptions

    Signed 'Hertz and Wegener in Berlin'

  • Dimensions

    Height: 20.5 cm, Width: 20.5 cm

  • Descriptive line

    Hertz and Wegener. Design for embroidery. Berlin, ca.1860

  • Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

    Victoria and Albert Museum, Department of Engraving, Illustration and Design, Accessions 1915, London: Printed under the Authority of His Majesty's Stationery Office, 1916.

  • Collection code

    Prints, Drawings & Paintings Collection