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Pope Innocent XI

  • Object:

    Medallion

  • Place of origin:

    Italy (made)

  • Date:

    ca. 1679 - ca. 1689 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Turned ivory

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Dr W.L. Hildburgh FSA.

  • Museum number:

    A.29-1949

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

  • Public access description

    This portrait of Pope Innocent XI (1611-1689; Pope 1676-89) is similar to that shown on the 1679 bronze medal by Giovanni Hamerani (1646-1705), although on the medal the Pope is shown with full papal vestments and with longer hair; in addition his abbreviated name is given as 'INNOCEN' with two 'n's (examples are in the present collection, including inv. no. 1247-1893, and at the British Museum and elsewhere).
    The virtuoso skill seen here, whereby a figurative portrait is created using only the technique of turning, was greatly admired in the seventeenth century.

  • Physical description

    The turned portrait is set within an integral turned frame. The bust faces right, and the Pope is shown bearded wearing a cap. The medallion is inscribed.

  • Marks and inscriptions

    'INOCEN: XI . PONT. MAX .'

    'Pope Innocent XI'
    on the medallion

  • Dimensions

    Diameter: 11.2 cm

  • Object history note

    Given by Dr W.L. Hildburgh F.S.A. in 1949; formerly on loan from Dr Hildburgh.

  • Descriptive line

    Medallion, ivory, Pope Innocent XI, by an anonymous ivory turner, probably after Giovanni Hamerani, Italian, ca. 1679-89

  • Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

    Trusted, Marjorie, Baroque & Later Ivories, Victoria & Albert Museum, London, 2013, cat. no. 293, pp. 300, 1

  • Collection code

    Sculpture Collection