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Dish

  • Place of origin:

    Nishapur (possibly, made)
    Tabriz (possibly, made)

  • Date:

    1450-1550 (made)

  • Artist/Maker:

    Unknown (maker)

  • Materials and Techniques:

    Fritware, moulded, slipped and glazed

  • Credit Line:

    Given by Sir Frank Brangwyn RA

  • Museum number:

    C.10-1947

  • Gallery location:

    In Storage

  • Public access description

    The shape, decoration and colour of this Iranian dish were all inspired by Chinese celadon ware. Celadon wares made at Longquan in southern China were the most popular type of porcelain imported into the Middle East in the 14th and 15th centuries. The characteristic green glaze of celadon ware can vary in tone and includes the greyish-green shown here.

    The body of this dish is fritware. Fritware was also known as stone paste or quartz paste. It was developed by Middle Eastern potters as a response to the challenge posed by Chinese porcelain. The main ingredient was fine quartz powder made by grinding sand or pebbles. Small quantities of white clay and a glassy substance known as frit were added. The clay gave plasticity. The frit helped to bind the body after firing.

  • Physical description

    Shallow fritware dish with a wide foot ring. The centre bears moulded relief decoration of fish, and around the inner rim is a series of ridged linese. The surface is covered in a green glaze under a white slip, in imitation of 14th century Chinese celadon or Longquan ware; the foot has been wiped clean of glaze before firing

  • Dimensions

    Diameter: 34.5 cm, Height: 6.5 cm

  • Historical context note

    This dish imitates a Chinese celadon of Longquan type. Celadons were particularly prized in the Middle East because they were believed to change colour in contact with poisoned food.

  • Descriptive line

    Dish, fritware with moulded relief decoration covered in a green glaze under a white slip, Iran (perhaps Nishapur or Tabriz), 1450-1550.

  • Bibliographic References (Citation, Note/Abstract, NAL no)

    Soustiel, Jean. La céramique islamique. Le guide du connaisseur. Fribourg, Office du Livre, 1985. ISBN 2-8264-0002-9. Pl. 228, p. 197

  • Labels and date

    Dish
    Fritware, with moulded decoration and green glaze
    PERSIA; about 1400 to 1500 AD
    Given by Sir Frank Brangwyn, R.A.

    This dish closely imitates a 14th century Chinese celadon of Longquan type. Celadons were particularly prized in the Middle East as they were thought to betray the presence of poisons in food by a change of colour. [Used until 11/2003]
    Green Dish
    Iran, perhaps Nishapur or Tabriz
    1450-1550

    The shape, decoration and green colour of this Iranian dish were all inspired by Chinese celadon ware, which has a greyish-green glaze. Celadons made at Longquan in southern China were the most popular type of porcelain imported into the Middle East in the 14th and 15th centuries.

    Moulded fritware under an opaque green glaze

    Museum no. C.10-1947 [Jameel Gallery]

  • Collection code

    Middle East Section